Tanzania officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country inEast Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and theDemocratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south; and the Indian Ocean to the east.Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
Tanzania's population of 47.4 million (2014) is highly diverse, composed of numerous ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic, and since 1996, its official capital has been Dodoma, where the President's Office, the National Assembly, and some government ministries are located. Dar es Salaam, the former capital, retains most government offices and is the country's largest city, principal port, and leading commercial center.
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Latest data available from the Global Health Observatory
Total population (2013) 49,253,000
Gross national income per capita (PPP international $, 2013) 1,750
Life expectancy at birth m/f (years, 2013) 61/65
Probability of dying under five (per 1 000 live births, 0) not available
Probability of dying between 15 and 60 years m/f (per 1 000 population, 2013) 314/244
Total expenditure on health per capita (Intl $, 2012) 109
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2012) 7.0