Global Medical Aid

Tanzania

Tanzania

Geography

Capital:

Dodoma

Area:

total: 947,300 sq km
land: 885,800 sq km
water: 61,500 sq km

Land boundries:

total: 4,161 km
border countries (8): Burundi 589 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 479 km, Kenya 775 km, Malawi 512 km, Mozambique 840 km, Rwanda 222 km, Uganda 391 km, Zambia 353 km

6 00 S, 35 00 E

Terrain:

plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

Natural resources:

hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

Land use:

agricultural land: 43.7% (2011 est.)
arable land: 14.3% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 2.3% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 27.1% (2011 est.)
forest: 37.3% (2011 est.)
other: 19% (2011 est.)

People & Society

Population:

55,451,343 (July 2018 est.)

Christian 61.4%, Muslim 35.2%, folk religion 1.8%, other 0.2%, unaffiliated 1.4% (2010 est.)

Death rate:

7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 38.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 40.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
female: 36.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

5.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

0.02 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital bed density:

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis and leptospirosis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)