Global Medical Aid

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

Geography

Capital:

Colombo

Area:

total: 65,610 sq km
land: 64,630 sq km
water: 980 sq km

Land boundries:

0 km

7 00 N, 81 00 E

Terrain:

mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

Natural resources:

limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower, arable land

Land use:

agricultural land: 43.5% (2011 est.)
arable land: 20.7% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 15.8% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 7% (2011 est.)
forest: 29.4% (2011 est.)
other: 27.1% (2011 est.)

People & Society

Population:

22,576,592 (July 2018 est.)

Buddhist (official) 70.2%, Hindu 12.6%, Muslim 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6.1%, other Christian 1.3%, other 0.05% (2012 est.)

Death rate:

6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 8.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 9.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
female: 7.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

3.5% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

0.88 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Hospital bed density:

3.6 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)
water contact diseases: leptospirosis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)