Global Medical Aid

Senegal

Geography

Capital:

Dakar

Area:

total: 196,722 sq km

land: 192,530 sq km

water: 4,192 sq km

Land boundries:

total: 2,684 km
border countries (5): The Gambia 749 km, Guinea 363 km, Guinea-Bissau 341 km, Mali 489 km, Mauritania 742 km

14 00 N, 14 00 W

Terrain:

generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

Natural resources:

fish, phosphates, iron ore

Land use:

agricultural land: 46.8% (2011 est.)
arable land: 17.4% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0.3% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 29.1% (2011 est.)
forest: 43.8% (2011 est.)
other: 9.4% (2011 est.)

People & Society

Population:

15,020,945 (July 2018 est.)

Muslim 95.9% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.1% (mostly Roman Catholic) (2016 est.)

Death rate:

7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 48 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 53.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
female: 42.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

4.7% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

0.07 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Hospital bed density:

0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)