Global Medical Aid

Nepal

Nepal

Geography

Capital:

Kathmandu

Area:

total: 147,181 sq km
land: 143,351 sq km
water: 3,830 sq km

Land boundries:

total: 3,159 km
border countries (2): China 1389 km, India 1770 km

28 00 N, 84 00 E

Terrain:

Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south; central hill region with rugged Himalayas in north

Natural resources:

quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

Land use:

agricultural land: 28.8% (2011 est.)
arable land: 15.1% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 1.2% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 12.5% (2011 est.)
forest: 25.4% (2011 est.)
other: 45.8% (2011 est.)

People & Society

Population:

29,717,587 (July 2018 est.)

Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)

Death rate:

5.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 26.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 28.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
female: 25.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

5.8% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

0.6 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital bed density:

3 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2016)

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