Global Medical Aid

Kenya

Geography

Capital:

Nairobi

Area:

total: 580,367 sq km
land: 569,140 sq km
water: 11,227 sq km

Land boundries:

total: 3,457 km
border countries (5): Ethiopia 867 km, Somalia 684 km, South Sudan 317 km, Tanzania 775 km, Uganda 814 km

1 00 N, 38 00 E

Terrain:

low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

Natural resources:

limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower

Land use:

agricultural land: 48.1% (2011 est.)
arable land: 9.8% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0.9% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 37.4% (2011 est.)
forest: 6.1% (2011 est.)
other: 45.8% (2011 est.)

People & Society

Population:

34,940,837 (July 2018 est.)

Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)

Death rate:

13.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 108.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

male: 115.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

female: 100.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

8.2% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

0.3 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Hospital bed density:

0.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria (2016)