Global Medical Aid

Ghana

Ghana

Geography

Capital:

Accra

Area:

total: 238,533 sq km
land: 227,533 sq km
water: 11,000 sq km

Land boundries:

total: 2,420 km
border countries (3): Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1098 km

8 00 N, 2 00 W

Terrain:

mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

Natural resources:

gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

Land use:

agricultural land: 69.1% (2011 est.)
arable land: 20.7% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 11.9% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 36.5% (2011 est.)
forest: 21.2% (2011 est.)
other: 9.7% (2011 est.)

People & Society

Population:

28,102,471 (July 2018 est.)

Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 est.)

Death rate:

6.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 34.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 38 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
female: 30.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

3.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital bed density:

0.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)