Nepal

Nepal

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Nepal is located in the Himalays and lies in between China and India. Nepal has very close diplomatic ties with both of the BRIC member nations.

The country was formerly an absolute monarchy. There were, however, many violent conflicts between the King, the government parties, and the Maoists. The parties made a joint agreement which basically stripped the King of all his powers. In 2008 the monarchy was abolished, and the country is now a republic. Nonetheless, there are still U.N. Peacekeepers present in modern Nepal. 

Most of the countries exported are produced in the primary sector which includes goods such as rice, corn, wheat and buffalo meat. However, remittances sent from abroad still make up a large portion of the economical inflow. In addition to this, Nepal recieves foreign aid from several OECD nations such as Japan and France.

Capital: Kathmandu
Size: 147,181 square kilometers
Religion: Buddhist 82 % - 10 % Muslim – Other 8 % 
Population: 26,494,504
Government: Republic
 
Infant Mortality Rate: 42 dead/1000 births
Hospital beds: 4,7 beds/1000 people
Life Expectancy: 66.85 Years
Health Expenditure: 5.4 % of GDP
Main Diseases: Tuberculosis, Malaria, HIV/AIDS
Human Development Index Rank: 157 out of 186
 
Percentage of population living for less than $2 a day: 25 %