Macedonia lies in Southeastern Europe north of Greece and is a landlocked nation. The country gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991.
In the beginning Greece opposed the republic because of the Hellenic name and symbols. Those issues have since mainly been resolved although Greece rejects the use of the name Macedonia and Republic of Macedonia.
In 2001, the ethnic Albanians launchedan insurgency over what they perceived as inequities within politics and economics. However, the insurgence was resolved with the Ohrid Agreement. The agreement is a milestone in Macedonia democratic histor. The agreement was set in motion in order to inequalities and insurgence.
The country mainly exports manufactured commodities such as food, beverages, tobacco and textiles. Macedonia is considered to be a major transit point of heroin and hashish from Southwest Asia, and is also dealing with major money laundering problems due to a largely cash-based economy.
Size: 25,713 square kilometers
Religion: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7% - Muslim 33.3% – Other Christian 0.37% - Other and unspecified 1.63%
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Infant mortality rate: 8.32 dead/1000 births
Hospital beds: 4.63 beds/1000 people
Life expectancy: 75.36 years
Health Expenditure: 6.6 % of GDP
Main Diseases: Cardiovascular, Cancer, Respiratory
Human Development Index Rank: 78 out of 186
Percentage of population living for less than $2 a day: 5.9%