Burkina Faso lies in West Africa. The country has no coastline and is surrounded by six different nations.
The country obtained independence in 1960 after French rule. Repeated military coups in the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiple party elections in the beginning of the 1990s. Up until 1984, the nation was known as the Republic of Upper Volta. The current president came to power in 1987 after a military coup and has won all elections since. He overturned all the Marxist policies by the former president and has put forward African Socialism.
Burkina Faso has a high population density, but limited natural resources, resulting in a poor economic outlook for the majority of the population. This is portrayed in Burkina Faso's exports which consist predominantly of gold, raw cotton and sesame seeds. The main export partners include Turkey, China and Belgium.
Size: 274,200 square kilometers
Religion: Muslim 60 % - 25 % Christian – Other 15 %
Government: Semi-Presidential Republic
Infant Mortality Rate: 78.3 dead/1000 births
Hospital beds: 0,4 beds/1000 people
Life Expectancy: 54.43 Years
Health Expenditure: 6.5 % of GDP
Main Diseases: Malaria, Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS
Human Development Index Rank: 181 out of 186
Percentage of population living for less than $2 a day: 47 %