Benin lies in Western Africa. The country is a tropical nation with a coastline and several bordering nations.
The country obtained independence in 1960 after French rule. After numerous military led governments, a government based on Marxist-Leninist principals was established in 1972. During the period between 1972 and 1991 the nation was known as, the People's Republic of Benin. A representative government saw the day of light in 1991. The new government adopted a new constitution and abolished Marxist-Leninist principals.
The country has few natural resources. Therefore, Benin depends on subsistence agriculture, cotton production and regional trade with its ECOWAS partners. One of the major issues the country face is its lack of natural water resources for potable use.
Capital: Porto-Novo (Cotonou)
Size: 114,763 square kilometers
Religion: Christians 45 % - Muslims 30 % – Other 25 %
Government: Presidential Republic
Infant Mortality Rate: 58.54 dead/1000 births
Hospital beds: 0,5 beds/1000 people
Life Expectancy: 60.67 Years
Health Expenditure: 4.6 % of GDP
Main Diseases: Malaria, Respiratory, Trauma
Human Development Index Rank: 166 out of 186
Percentage of population living for less than $2 a day: 37.5 %