Benin lies in Western Africa. The country is a tropical nation with a coastline and several bordering nations.
The country obtained independence in 1960 after French rule. After numerous military led governments, a government based on Marxist-Leninist principals was established in 1972. During the period between 1972 and 1991 the nation was known as, the People's Republic of Benin. A representative government saw the day of light in 1991. The new government adopted a new constitution and abolished Marxist-Leninist principals.
The country has few natural resources. Therefore, Benin depends on subsistence agriculture, cotton production and regional trade with its ECOWAS partners. One of the major issues the country face is its lack of natural water resources for potable use.