Global Medical Aid

Burundi

Burundi

Geography

Capital:

Bujumbura

Area:

total: 27,830 sq km
land: 25,680 sq km
water: 2,150 sq km

Land boundries:

total: 1,140 km
border countries (3): Democratic Republic of the Congo 236 km, Rwanda 315 km, Tanzania 589 km

3 30 S, 30 00 E

Terrain:

hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains

Natural resources:

nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone

Land use:

agricultural land: 73.3% (2011 est.)
arable land: 38.9% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 15.6% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 18.8% (2011 est.)
forest: 6.6% (2011 est.)
other: 20.1% (2011 est.)

 

People & Society

Population:

11,844,520 (July 2018 est.)

Roman Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% (2008 est.)

Death rate:

8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 57.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 63.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
female: 50.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

7.5% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

-

Hospital bed density:

0.8 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)