Global Medical Aid

Benin

Benin

Geography

Capital:

Porto-Novo

Area:

total: 112,622 sq km
land: 110,622 sq km
water: 2,000 sq km

Land boundries:

total: 2,123 km
border countries (4): Burkina Faso 386 km, Niger 277 km, Nigeria 809 km, Togo 651 km

9 30 N, 2 15 E

Terrain:

mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains

Natural resources:

small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

Land use:

agricultural land: 31.3% (2011 est.)
arable land: 22.9% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 3.5% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 4.9% (2011 est.)
forest: 40% (2011 est.)
other: 28.7% (2011 est.)

 

People & Society

Population:

11,340,504 (July 2018 est.)

Muslim 27.7%, Roman Catholic 25.5%, Protestant 13.5% (Celestial 6.7%, Methodist 3.4%, other Protestant 3.4%), Vodoun 11.6%, other Christian 9.5%, other traditional religions 2.6%, other 2.6%, none 5.8% (2013 est.)

Death rate:

7.7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 51.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 54.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
female: 48.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

4.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

0.15 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Hospital bed density:

0.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)