Global Medical Aid

Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Geography

Capital:

Kabul

Area:

total: 652,230 sq km
land: 652,230 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Land boundries:

Total: 5,987 km
Border countries (6): China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2670 km, Tajikistan 1357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km

33 00 N, 65 00 E

Terrain:

mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

Natural resources:

natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land

Land use:

agricultural land: 58.1% (2014 est.)

arable land: 20.5% (2014 est.) / permanent crops: 0.37% (2014 est.) / permanent pasture: 79% (2014 est.)

forest: 2.07% (2014 est.)

other: 39.9% (2014 est.)

People & Society

Population:

34,940,837 (July 2018 est.)

Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)

Death rate:

13.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 108.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

male: 115.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

female: 100.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

Health expenditures:

8.2% of GDP (2014)

Physicians density:

0.3 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Hospital bed density:

0.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

vectorborne diseases: malaria (2016)